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The New Challenger Series” are lesson plans developed by the College of Exploration for use in middle school and high school classrooms.  They are multidisciplinary in nature, and are aligned with the National Science Education Standards.  The lessons aim to help students gain an appreciation of the history of ocean exploration, help them make comparisons of ocean science methods and technologies, and understand the social aspects of at-sea science.

Click on the lesson titles below to download.

So What’s Different? Exploring the Ocean Then and Now

  • Grades 9-12
  • Science and Technology Focus

The ‘Art’ of Ocean Exploration

  • Grades 5-12
  • Art, History and Technology Focus


Life at Sea

  • Grades 5-8
  • Social Studies and Language Arts Focus

You Can't Get There from Here, or Can You?

  • Grades 6-12
  • Maps and Geography Focus

Biodiversity Then and Now

  • Grades 6-8
  • Ecology and Math Focus

Research and Recreation: Challenger In Hawaii


(Please note, most of these are out of print, but are often available on or other used book websites)

The Report of the Scientific Results of the Exploring Voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, 50 Volumes, London, Edinburgh, and Dublin, 1885-1895. (Buchanan, J.Y., H.N. Mosley, J. Murray, T.H. Tizard, Narrative of the Voyage, contained in Volume One, parts 1 and 2.)

Boog-Watson, W.N., Sir John Murray, A Chronic Student. University of Edinburgh Journal, Autumn 1967.

Campbell, Lord George, Log-Letters from the Challenger. London, 1877.

Deacon, G.E.R. (gen. ed.) Oceans: An Atlas-History of Man's Exploration of the Deep Deacon, London, 1962.

Deacon, M. Scientists and the Sea 1650-1900 : A Study of Marine Science, Ashgate Publishing Company, 1997.

Deacon, M. Understanding the Oceans: Marine Science in the Wake of HMS Challenger, Taylor and Francis, Inc. 1998.

Linklater, E. The Voyage of the Challenger, London, 1972.

Moseley, H.N. Notes by a Naturalist on H.M.S. Challenger. London, 1880.

Rehbock, P.F. (ed.) At Sea with the Scientifics, The Challenger Letters of Joseph Matkin, Honolulu, 1992.

Spry, W.J.J., The Cruise of the H.M.S. Challenger, London 1877.

Swire, Herbert, The Voyage of the Challenger. Two volumes, limited edition, London, 1937.

Wild, J.J., At Anchor. London, 1878.

Wyville Thompson, Sir Charles, Voyage of the Challenger, The Atlantic, Two volumes, London 1877.

Web Sites

The Challenger Volumes Online

HMS Challenger Library

The H.M.S. Challenger, Challenger Society for Marine Science

Bibliography on the History of Oceanography

The British Museum of Natural History, Voyages of Discovery

(Search for keywords HMS Challenger)

The Voyage of HMS Challenger

NOAA's Ocean Explorer Website (History section)

Fame and Fortune: The Pay of Scientists and Sailors on HMS Challenger

History of Marine Biology

The Challenger Collection, Museum of Science and Art at the University of Edinburgh





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