Science Teaching Standards
The National Science Education teaching standards describe what teachers of science at all grade levels should know and be able to do. They are divided into six areas. The following table links the teaching areas to their detailed descriptions in the on-line version of the NSES.



Plan inquiry-based science programs

Develop a framework of year-long and short-term goals for students
Select science content and adapt and design curricula to meet the interests, knowledge, understanding, abilities, and experiences of students
Select teaching and assessment strategies that support the development of student understanding and nurture a community of science learners
Work together as colleagues within and across disciplines and grade levels

Take actions to guide and facilitate student learning

Focus and support inquiries while interacting with students
Orchestrate discourse among students about scientific ideas
Challenge students to accept and share responsibility for their own learning
Recognize and respond to student diversity and encourage all students to participate fully in science learning
Encourage and model the skills of scientific inquiry, as well as the curiosity, openness to new ideas and data, and skepticism that characterize science

Assess teaching and student learning

Use multiple methods and systematically gather data about student understanding and ability
Analyze assessment data to guide teaching
Guide students in self-assessment
Use student data, observations of teaching, and interactions with colleagues to reflect on and improve teaching practice
Use student data, observations of teaching, and interactions with colleagues to report student achievement and opportunities to learn to students, teachers, parents, policy makers, and the general public

Develop environments that enable students to learn science

Structure the time available so that students are able to engage in extended investigations
Create a setting for student work that is flexible and supportive of science inquiry
Ensure a safe working environment
Make the available science tools, materials, media, and technological resources accessible to students
Identify and use resources outside the school
Engage students in designing the learning environment

Create communities of science learners

Display and demand respect for the diverse ideas, skills, and experiences of all students
Enable students to have a significant voice in decisions about the content and context of their work and require students to take responsibility for the learning of all members of the community
Nurture collaboration among students
Structure and facilitate ongoing formal and informal discussion based on a shared understanding of rules of scientific discourse
Model and emphasize the skills, attitudes, and values of scientific inquiry

Plan and develop the school science program

Plan and develop the school science program
Participate in decisions concerning the allocation of time and other resources to the science program
Participate fully in planning and implementing professional growth and development strategies for themselves and their colleagues


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