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K-12 Scope and Sequence Concept Flow Diagrams (CFDs)

Several years ago many hundreds of scientists and educators from around the US participated in the public review of the then-draft Ocean Literacy Principles. These Principles have had a huge effect on ocean sciences education and funding for new initiatives, exhibits and curricula in the US.

Since the completion of the Ocean Literacy Principles in 2005, COSEE California and COSEE West have continued to work with hundreds of scientists and science educators to develop a Scope and Sequence to provide guidance to curriculum developers, standards committees, informal science educators, and schoolteachers regarding how ocean science concepts can be taught throughout the K-12 curriculum. < /p>

The Scope & Sequence shows, graphically,

(1) the science concepts underlying the Principles and how they are connected;

(2) developmental appropriateness – what students need to know to help them understand the higher-level concepts;

(3) standards correlations; and

(4) how instruction of the concepts might “flow”.

These graphical representations are referred to as Concept Flow Diagrams (or sometimes CFDs or even "Flows"). There are a total of 28 CFDs for the seven Essential Principles and four grade bands (K-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12) .

To access a CFD for particular principle and grade band, click on the appropriate small box in the outer ring of the following diagram.

For the webpage for the Fundamental Concepts associated with a particular Essential Principle, click on the appropriate rounded rectangle. A short overview of ocean science literacy is available by clicking on the central circle.

Ocean literacy is an understanding of the oceans influence on you and your influence on the ocean.


    This work was supported by the US National Science Foundation through COSEE-CA and COSEE-West.